A haiku (俳句) is a type of Japanese poem that consists of 17 syllables. In the simplest sense, a haiku can be written and enjoyed by everyone! The haiku does not have to employ words that rhyme such as in other types of poetry, but it does have a rhythm and rules that govern its formation. In Japan haiku is written in a single vertical line. In English, the three phrases are written as three separate lines. Traditionally a haiku is written using this framework:
- 1. Kiru: The use of a cutting word that separates two ideas.
- 2. On: A haiku consists of 17 syllables total, with three phrases. The first and third phrase consisting of 5 syllables, while the middle phrase has 7.
- 3. Kijo:A reference to the seasons with topics that can extend to the heavens, earth, weather, nature, animals, and others.